unlimited 4G/5G
network economics
Mobile data pricing, spectrum and network economics metrics and insights for the unlimited era

The core concept behind Rewheel's industry research is the "duality" of not only tracking prices but also linking the price analysis to network economics, spectrum, technology evolution and competition/regulatory (policy) insights.


Since 2009 Rewheel has been taking a consistent, pro-competitive position on the financial sustainability of Finnish-like unlimited mobile data for MNOs: “Mobile telecoms margins safe in data surge” – Reuters, 2010 (link)

Latest research reports

New Digital Fuel Monitor release, May 2020


The state of 4G & 5G pricing, 1H2020
2020
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
Japan
Germany
Greece
Netherlands
UnitedStates
Australia
Canada

April 2020
The share of smartphone and mobile/wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume continues to grow, gigabyte allowances of finite data volume plans continue to grow – but overall monthly prices continue to fall.

4G & 5G prices in Germany, Italy, France, Spain and UK – June 2020
2020
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
Germany
Italy
France
Spain
UnitedKingdom
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange
Altice
BouyguesTelecom
Iliad
Hutchison
Masmovil

July 2020
Monthly prices of plans with unlimited data volume and as well gigabyte prices of plans with data caps continue to be significantly higher in the 3-MNO German versus the 4-MNO Italian, French, Spanish and UK markets.



Unlimited mobile data – Why Finland is different
2020
Finland
Elisa
DNA
TeliaCompany
pricing
5G

February 2020
... and why operators in other markets can’t easily replicate the Finnish model

Rolling out 5G fibre-through-the-air under the exceptionally strict Swiss EMF radiation limits
2019
Switzerland
Sunrise
spectrum
massiveMIMO
5G
mobile-first

December 2019
In December 2019 Sunrise invited Rewheel to try its 5G based home broadband solution in Switzerland. Rewheel had previously provided consulting support for Sunrise in preparation for the 5G spectrum auction that was held in early 2019. After the modelling work and conceptual sessions, we were eager to go back to Switzerland to see how Sunrise’s engineers managed to turn theory into practice.

3.6 GHz 5G spectrum valuation in Poland
2019
Poland
Polkomtel
Orange
DeutscheTelekom
Play
5G
merger
spectrum

December 2019
The value of 3400-3800 MHz 5G band is substantially higher in Poland than in other large EU markets. The spectrum valuations of the four Polish operators are highly asymmetrical.

Competitiveness of Czech mobile data prices – April versus September 2019
2019
dfmonitor
pricing
Czechia
Vodafone
DeutscheTelekom
PPF
spectrum
unlimited

October 2019
The Czech government commissioned Rewheel to review the state of competitiveness of Czech smartphone mobile data tariffs, ahead of the upcoming 5G-centric spectrum auction where a frequency package is to be reserved for a new, 4th entrant mobile operator.

2018 capacity utilization and 5G capacity potential of mobile operator existing macro cell site grids
2018
spectrum
mobile-first
massiveMIMO
UK
Canada
Hutchison
Finland
Elisa
5G
networkeconomics
Verizon
UnitedStates
Play
Poland

October 2019
When will EU28 & OECD operators run out of 4G capacity and how many more gigabytes per subscriber per month can they carry with 5G? A Rewheel research PRO-study of 143 European, US, Canadian, Japanese, Korean and Australian operators

Root cause of weak competition in the Canadian wireless market
2019
Canada
Telus
Bell
Rogers
Shaw
spectrum
pricing

September 2019
The Canadian wireless market is ruled by provincial mobile network duopolies and monopolies. While in some provinces regional operators increasingly challenge the incumbents, at the national level, Canada is a de-facto network duopoly.

4G era – Who got the most out of it?
2019
Elisa
DNA
Play
Iliad
Tele2
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Drillisch
Swisscom
Sunrise
Germany
UK
Netherlands
Ireland
Austria
France
Italy
Finland
Sweden
Denmark

May 2019
5-year mobile service revenue trends for 143 operators present in EU28 & OECD markets. Finnish operators that executed ‘unlimited everything’ strategies were the undisputed champions of the 4G era.

Site density is key to LTE network performance – and critical for 5G
2019
spectrum
networkeconomics
Finland
Switzerland
Germany
Elisa
Play
Telenor
Vodafone
5G

February 2019
Rewheel-Tutela research study. Analysis of 99 mobile networks across EU28, Norway and Switzerland, key network performance drivers and implications on 5G infrastructure and spectrum investment strategies.


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All research reports


Top industry issues covered

Rewheel research covers the below listed mobile data pricing and network economics related industry topics:
  • Unlimited mobile data
  • Vertical services, zero rating
  • Mobile-first business models, fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution
  • Spectrum auctions (700, 700 SDL, 1500 SDL, 2300 TDD, 3400-3800 MHz TDD)
  • Small cells, massive MIMO, TD-LTE, 5G
  • Capex sustainability
  • In-market mergers, competition assessments, remedies, network sharing
  • New entrants
  • EU Telecoms single market, data roaming, MVNOs

Rewheel country briefs

Links to country specific tariff price points, competitiveness metrics and insights

Austria Australia Belgium Bulgaria Canada
Switzerland Chile Cyprus Czechia Germany
Denmark Estonia Greece Spain Finland
France Croatia Hungary Ireland Israel
Iceland Italy Japan Korea Lithuania
Luxemburg Latvia Malta Mexico Netherlands
Norway New Zealand Poland Portugal Romania
Sweden Slovenia Slovakia Turkey United Kingdom
United States


Rewheel telco briefs

Links to telco group specific tariff price points, competitiveness metrics and insights

2degrees Accessindustries Altice AmericaMovil ATT
BCE Bezeq BITE BouyguesTelecom BritishTelecom
Bulsatcom Cellcom CYTA DeutscheTelekom DNA
Electra Elisa Entel Go Hutchison
Iliad KDDI KPN KT LGUplus
Libertyglobal Masmovil Melita Nos Novator
NTTdocomo Orange Partner Play Polkomtel
POSTLuxemburg PPF Primetel Proximus Rakuten
RCS-RDS RogersCommunications Shaw Siminn SingTel
SKTelecom Softbank Spark Sunrise Swan
Swisscom T2 TDC Tele2 TelecomItalia
Telefonica TelekomAustria TelekomSlovenije Telemach Telenor
TeliaCompany Telstra Telus TPG Turkcell
TurkTelekom United-Interent Verizon Vivacom Vodafone
VodafoneHutchison VodafoneIceland VodafoneZiggo WindHellas
Main brands: 2degrees, 3, 4ka, A1, ATT, au, BASE, Bell, BITE, BouyguesTelecom, Bulsatcom, Cellcom, Claro, Cosmote, CYTA, Digi, DNA, EE, eir, Elisa, Entel, Freedom, FreeMobile, Go, GolanTelecom, HotMobile, ice, Iliad, KPN, KT, LMT, Melita, MEO, Movistar, MTN, Nos, Nova, NTTdocomo, O2, Optus, Orange, Partner, Pelephone, Play, Plus, Post, Primetel, Proximus, Rogers, Salt, Saunalahti, SFR, Siminn, Softbank, Spark, Sprint, Sunrise, Swisscom, T-Hrvatski, T-Mobile, T2, Tango, Telcel, Tele2, TelekomSlovenije, Telemach, Telenor, Telia, Telstra, Telus, TIM, TPG, Turkcell, TurkTelekom, Tworld, Uplus, Verizon, Vivacom, Vodafone, Wind, WOM, Yoigo, YouSee
Sub brands: Amena, Amigo, Ben, Blau, Bob, Boostmobile, BT, Callme, CBB, Comviq, Congstar, Cricket, Diil, Dipper, eety, Ezys, Fido, Fonic, Fullrate, giffgaff, Halebop, Hallon, Heyah, Ho, IZI, Kenamobile, komplett, Koodomobile, KTMmobile, Labas, Lebara, Llamaya, Masmovil, MetroPCS, MitTele, mycall, Oister, onecall, Otelo, Pepephone, Pildyk, pmobile, Publicmobile, RedbySFR, Scarlet, Simyo, Skinny, Smarty, Sosh, Talkmore, Tele2, Telenet, Telering, Telfort, Telmore, TescoMobile, UPC, Uplussave, UQmobile, Vimla, Virginmobile, Voxi, Wind, Wingo, yallo, yess, Ymobile, yooopi
MVNO brands: 1und1, 019mobile, A3, Amaysim, b-mobile, Boostmobile, Chilimobil, dodo, Fastweb, Hello, HoT, idmobile, Klarmobil, Koganmobile, Lapostemobile, LOLMobile, Lycamobile, MintSIM, Mobilcom-Debitel, moi, Multimedia, Netia, NRJmobile, PhoneBox, Postemobile, PureTalkUSA, Rakuten, Rami-Levy, RedBullmobile, Robinmobile, Simpel, Simplii, Simply, Sky, Smartel, Smartmobil, spusu, StraightTalk, Sub, Telechoice, Teledema, Tello, u-mobile, UPC-cablecom, USmobile, Virginmedia, VirginMobile, Voo, VTR, WE4G, Youfone, Yourfone




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