Spectrum use in Finland and the UK versus Germany
March 2014
According to data reported by the national regulatory authorities and presented in the first release (1H2014) of the DFMonitor the average monthly mobile data consumption per capita varies greatly across EU28. In 2012 the Finnish consumed on average 1.49 Gigabyte every month while the British 0.38 Gigabyte. The Germans on the other hand consumed a dismal 0.15 Gigabyte every month. Why do consumers in competitive markets (where a challenger operator is present) consume up to 10 times more mobile data than consumers in protected markets such as Germany? Are Germans less eager users of the internet?

According to European Commission Digital Scoreboard Germans are as almost as hungry internet users as British and Finnish. Both in terms of regular and frequent internet users Germany is closely following Finland and the UK (80% of the individuals are regular internet users in Germany versus 87% in the UK and 89% in Finland while 68% of the individuals are frequent internet users in Germany versus 78% in the UK and 80% in Finland). So why do the Germans use 2.5 times less mobile data than the British and 10 times less than the Finnish? Why do European challenger operator group customers e.g. Hutchison use on average 1.5GB/month like the Finnish and Swedish while other European incumbent operator group customers use ten times less?

Well simply because in the German protected mobile market operators are collectively suppressing consumer demand; by keeping Gigabyte volume prices artificially high, by over pricing full 3G/4G speeds (available on high-end plans) and by applying tethering and other net-neutrality restrictions (e.g. VoIP blocking). As a result mobile operators are not really putting the spectrum that was licensed to them into efficient use. The collective German mobile operator spectrum use (Megabyte/month/capita/MHz) is almost 5 times less of the UK operators and more than 11 times less of the Finnish operators as shown in the chart below.
2014
Finland
United Kingdom
Germany
spectrum
networkeconomics
Back
List of all research reports and external articles


Featured research reports
Volume-based mobile data monetisation is unsustainable
2017
Finland
Germany
Austria
Hungary
Elisa
DeutscheTelekom
Tele2
Telenor
Telefonica
massiveMIMO
5G
mobile-first
spectrum
pricing
networkeconomics

[External post, Linkedin]
September 2017
5G capacity abundance, flat Capex = paradigm shit. Comments from Finnish Elisa's consumer business VP under the article "what makes these [volume-based] pricing ideas profoundly unsustainable".

Digital Fuel Monitor 7th release, 1H2017
2017
dfmonitor
spectrum
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
zero-rating
roaming
networkeconomics

May 2017 (updated 22.05.2017)
The state of 4G pricing, mobile data usage, spectrum usage, network capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution. After its comeback in 2016, in 2017 unlimited mobile data goes viral and spreads to 22 countries. And while in competitive markets such as France and Denmark consumers can buy 100 or unlimited gigabytes for less than €30, in tight mobile oligopoly markets such as Portugal, Greece and Hungary €30 hardly buys any gigabytes. Europe’s mobile data divide widens further: 200x more gigabytes for €30 in smartphone plans, 600x more gigabytes in mobile broadband plans, 200x difference in median gigabyte prices, 40x difference in mobile data usage per capita and spectrum usage.

O2 – Ready to disrupt the German tight oligopoly market
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
merger
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Germany
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone

April 2017
In March 2017 Telefonica O2 Germany announced 3.5 GHz (they have 83 MHz) Massive MIMO (= very high capacity LTE macro sectors) field trials with Huawei for wireless home broadband and 4K video. Our models predict that O2's macro site grid and spectrum resources (FDD+TDD) could allow it to drive fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution in Germany by connecting millions of households with HD TV service on its high capacity LTE network.

Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential – A study of 64 European operators
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Finland
United Kingdom
Poland
Austria
Germany
Hutchison
Telefonica
Play
Elisa

March 2017
When LTE base stations are upgraded to 'Gigabit' speed the gigabyte volume capacity of the networks also greatly expands. We modelled LTE network capacity based on existing FDD and TDD spectrum holdings (and potential acquisitions in 2.3 and 3.4-3.8 GHz bands) and sizes of the macro site grids. Without and with Massive MIMO in the TDD bands. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1500 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3600 MHz spectrum auctions.

The market is changing. Mobile data pricing and network economics metrics and research reports for industry professionals
PRO >


Contact us:

Tel: +358442032339
E-mail: research@rewheel.fi
Twitter: @RewheelResearch

Copyright © 2009-2017 Rewheel Oy. All rights reserved.