4G&5G prices, competitiveness rankings, competition & mobile merger analysis, network economics and 4th MNO BC research studies, 2010–2021
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The state of 4G and 5G pricing, 1H2021 – operator rankings
2021
5G
4G
prices
mobile
wireless
gigabytes
unlimited
operator
world
rankings

April 2021
4G and 5G prices from 179 operators in 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Who are the operators with the highest and lowest monthly prices in the world?


Is Greece the most expensive mobile market in EU?
2021
5G
4G
mobile
prices
expensive
gigabytes
Greece
Cosmote
Vodafone
Wind
EETT

April 2021
Even after excluding the mobile telephony tax Greek prices – of smartphone plans with 1, 2 or 3 gigabytes – were the highest in EU. For 4 gigabytes Greek prices were the most expensive among 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Greek consumers pay 5 to 6 times more per month than French consumers to buy smartphone plans with, 1, 2, 3 or 4 gigabytes!


Is Canada the most expensive wireless market in the world?
2021
5G
4G
wireless
prices
expensive
gigabytes
Canada
Rogers
Freedom Mobile
Telus
Bell

April 2021
Canada has, if not the highest, among the highest wireless prices in the world. The minimum monthly price for a smartphone plan that includes 20 gigabytes in Canada is the highest among 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Consumers in Canada pay 7x more every month than consumers in France for 20 gigabytes.


The state of 4G and 5G pricing, 1H2021 - country rankings
2021
5G
4G
prices
gigabytes
unlimited
country
rankings
Europe
America
Asia
Middle East
Africa

April 2021
Monthly prices of 4G and as well 5G plans in EU continue to fall. Plans with unlimited data volume continue to spread. 4G and 5G prices from 179 operators in 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries.


5G capacity potential - more than 500 gigabytes/subscriber/month
2021
5G
4G
capacity
utilization
potential
macro
sites
spectrum
operators
gigabytes
subscribers

March 2021
When will mobile network operators run out of 4G capacity and how many more gigabytes per subscriber per month can they carry with 5G? A study of 169 European, American, Asian Pacific and African operators.


1&1 Drilisch’s 4th MNO entry in Germany - Will it work?
2021
1&1 Drillisch
Telefonica
Germany
4th MNO
business case
5G
national
roaming
data
costs

February 2021
1&1 Drillisch’s MVNO business in Germany would become unprofitable when 5G goes mainstream, so investing in spectrum was 1&1 Drillisch’s only choice to keep its business afloat. 1&1 Drillisch’s 4th MNO business case will be positive if BNetzA intervenes and mandates competitive national data roaming rates.


4G&5G prices are 2x to 4x lower in markets with four MNOs
2020
dfmonitor
prices
4G
5G
concentration
4
MNOs
population
density
speed
mobile
wireless

December 2020
What are the factors that determine mobile prices? Market concentration (no. of MNOs) has a statistically significant effect on 4G&5G monthly and gigabyte prices. The higher the no. of MNOs the lower the price.


4G&5G connectivity competitiveness 2020
2020
dfmonitor
broadband
pricing
4G
5G
operator
competitiveness
Elisa
Finland
Canada
Greece
mobile
wireless

November 2020
Elisa Finland had overall the most competitive 4G&5G connectivity monthly prices in 2H2020 among 168 mobile network operators present in 48 European, American, Asia Pacific and African countries.


The state of 4G&5G broadband pricing – 2H2020
2020
dfmonitor
broadband
pricing
4G
5G
Brazil
China
Colombia
India
Russia
Taiwan
South Africa
mobile
wireless

October 2020
The share of smartphone, mobile and wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume continued to grow, gigabyte allowances of finite data volume plans continued to grow – but overall monthly and gigabyte prices continued to fall. Monthly prices of smartphone and wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume fell in EU in 2H2020!



Unlimited mobile data – Why Finland is different
2020
Finland
Elisa
DNA
TeliaCompany
pricing
5G
mobile
wireless

February 2020
... and why operators in other markets can’t easily replicate the Finnish model

Unlimited 5G, 10 areas to rethink
2020
unlimited
5G
mobile-first
spectrum
pricing
networkeconomics

[External post, Linkedin]
January 2020
Launching unlimited is a much bigger leap than a simple tariff update. The legacies of volume based mobile data monetization are deeply rooted in the structures and core believes across the MNO functions, so broad and deep strategic rethink is required.

Rolling out 5G fibre-through-the-air under the exceptionally strict Swiss EMF radiation limits
2019
Switzerland
Sunrise
spectrum
massiveMIMO
5G
mobile-first

December 2019
In December 2019 Sunrise invited Rewheel to try its 5G based home broadband solution in Switzerland. Rewheel had previously provided consulting support for Sunrise in preparation for the 5G spectrum auction that was held in early 2019. After the modelling work and conceptual sessions, we were eager to go back to Switzerland to see how Sunrise’s engineers managed to turn theory into practice.

3.6 GHz 5G spectrum valuation in Poland
2019
Poland
Polkomtel
Orange
DeutscheTelekom
Play
5G
merger
spectrum

December 2019
The value of 3400-3800 MHz 5G band is substantially higher in Poland than in other large EU markets. The spectrum valuations of the four Polish operators are highly asymmetrical.

2018 capacity utilization and 5G capacity potential of mobile operator existing macro cell site grids
2018
spectrum
mobile-first
massiveMIMO
UK
Canada
Hutchison
Finland
Elisa
5G
networkeconomics
Verizon
UnitedStates
Play
Poland

October 2019
When will EU28 & OECD operators run out of 4G capacity and how many more gigabytes per subscriber per month can they carry with 5G? A Rewheel research PRO-study of 143 European, US, Canadian, Japanese, Korean and Australian operators

German 5G spectrum auction – back to 4 MNOs?
Live tracker and Rewheel analysis
2019
spectrum
5G
Germany
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Drillisch

April 2019
Free to download Rewheel spreadsheet analysis of the bids, updated continously.

Site density is key to LTE network performance – and critical for 5G
2019
spectrum
networkeconomics
Finland
Switzerland
Germany
Elisa
Play
Telenor
Vodafone
5G

February 2019
Rewheel-Tutela research study. Analysis of 99 mobile networks across EU28, Norway and Switzerland, key network performance drivers and implications on 5G infrastructure and spectrum investment strategies.


Iliad’s 4th MNO venture into Italy – Will it pay off?
2019
Iliad
Hutchison
WindTre
Italy
spectrum
5G
networkeconomics
pricing

January 2019
Can Iliad make money by charging only €7.99 per subscriber?


Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential with existing macro site grids – 2017
2018
spectrum
mobile-first
massiveMIMO
Finland
Elisa
5G
networkeconomics
Verizon
UnitedStates
Play
Poland

September 2018
A study of 80 European, US, Japanese, Korean, Australian and New Zealand mobile operators. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1400 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3800 MHz spectrum auctions.

First impressions from the world’s first commercial 5G network
2018
spectrum
massiveMIMO
Finland
Elisa
5G

August 2018
In June 2018 Elisa became the first operator in the world to launch commercial service over its 5G (3.5 GHz) network in Tampere Finland and Tallinn Estonia. Elisa invited Rewheel to try its 5G network.

Unlimited mobile data and near zero marginal cost – a paradigm shift in telco business models
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Orange
Hutchison
TelecomItalia
Elisa
DNA
Sunrise
Salt
Play
Tele2
Telenor
Swisscom
TelekomAustria

September 2017
European winners and losers in 4.5G and 5G – study of 30 operators. Will mobile network CAPEX stay flat in the long run? Spectrum valuation implications.

Volume-based mobile data monetisation is unsustainable
2017
Finland
Germany
Austria
Hungary
Elisa
DeutscheTelekom
Tele2
Telenor
Telefonica
massiveMIMO
5G
mobile-first
spectrum
pricing
networkeconomics

[External post, Linkedin]
September 2017
5G capacity abundance, flat Capex = paradigm shit. Comments from Finnish Elisa's consumer business VP under the article "what makes these [volume-based] pricing ideas profoundly unsustainable".

O2 – Ready to disrupt the German tight oligopoly market
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
merger
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Germany
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone

April 2017
In March 2017 Telefonica O2 Germany announced 3.5 GHz (they have 83 MHz) Massive MIMO (= very high capacity LTE macro sectors) field trials with Huawei for wireless home broadband and 4K video. Our models predict that O2's macro site grid and spectrum resources (FDD+TDD) could allow it to drive fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution in Germany by connecting millions of households with HD TV service on its high capacity LTE network.

Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential – A study of 64 European operators
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Finland
United Kingdom
Poland
Austria
Germany
Hutchison
Telefonica
Play
Elisa

March 2017
When LTE base stations are upgraded to 'Gigabit' speed the gigabyte volume capacity of the networks also greatly expands. We modelled LTE network capacity based on existing FDD and TDD spectrum holdings (and potential acquisitions in 2.3 and 3.4-3.8 GHz bands) and sizes of the macro site grids. Without and with Massive MIMO in the TDD bands. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1500 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3600 MHz spectrum auctions.

Is spectrum usage harmonised across the EU28 national mobile markets?
2016
5G
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics
Vodafone
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Orange
KPN
DNA
Elisa
Tele2
Finland
Greece

November 2016
Spectrum harmonisation: the key to 5G? Rewheel's material presented on the ECTA Regulatory Conference 2016

EU’s 5G competition challenge
2016
5G
mobile-first
networkeconomics

July 2016
A handful of big telco groups – with vested interests in fixed-line broadband – impose very restrictive mobile internet usage caps. This raises serious concerns that these telco groups – that tightly control most EU national markets – will not be incentivised to sell competitively priced 5G internet access.

Rewheel in the international media
Reducing Wireless Competition in Europe
The New York Times (editorial)


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