4G&5G prices, competitiveness rankings, competition & mobile merger analysis, network economics and 4th MNO BC research studies, 2010–2024
Filtered on tag(s):
mobile
all
The 4 to 3 Vodafone / Three mobile merger in the UK will lead to substantial 26% to 51% monthly price increases
2024
4 to 3
mobile
merger
Vodafone
Three UK
CK Hutchison
consolidation

February 2024
if the merger is approved without the upfront creation of a new 4th mobile network operator. Consumers in the UK could see their monthly bills rise by 26% to 51% in average. Those that subscribe to mobile plans with large or unlimited data could see their monthly cost double after the expiration of their current contracts.

Wireless markets and mobile network operator competitiveness – 2023
2023
5G Standalone
4G
mobile
data
usage
capacity
utilization
sites
spectrum
mmWave
operators
gigabytes
subscribers

December 2023
50 wireless markets and 168 mobile network operators. A comprehensive analysis and database of mobile network operator and wireless market competitiveness metrics. The database includes mobile subscribers, 5G Standalone, 5G-4G radio sites, radio site density, spectrum holdings, network data traffic load, data usage, spectrum usage, radio network capacity utilization, capacity limit, capacity potential, network performance, prices for 5G-4G voice plans, 5G voice plans, 5G fixed wireless broadband plans and many more wireless competitiveness metrics.

The state of broadband (FBB&FWA) pricing – 1H2023
2023
Broadband
FBB
FWA
FTTH
FTTN
FTTB
FTTP
5G
4G
mobile
wireless
prices
gigabytes
terabytes
unlimited
country
operators
rankings
Europe
America
Asia
Middle East
Africa

June 2023
5G fixed wireless access (FWA) broadband plans are marketed and priced as equal or better alternatives compared to non- pure fibre based broadband plans. In 9 out of 50 countries (e.g., in the UK and Switzerland) plans with the lowest monthly price, for 100 Mbit/s download speed, were 5G FWA rather than fixed broadband plans. While broadband prices are higher in more expensive countries mobile prices are not. Mobile monthly prices are, in average, 2-3 times lower in 4 vs. 3 MNO markets.

The state of 4G and 5G pricing, 1H2023 – Inflation edition
2023
5G
4G
mobile
wireless
prices
gigabytes
terabytes
unlimited
country
operators
rankings
inflation
Europe
America
Asia
Middle East
Africa

March 2023
4G&5G smartphone plan prices – for new contracts – continued to fall across most EU and OECD countries despite near double-digit inflation figures. The near-double-digit inflation in 2022 had a moderate price increase effect in markets where only 3-MNOs are present while it had no significant impact in markets where 4 MNOs are present. In almost all 4-MNO markets monthly prices fell or were flat despite an average inflation of ~9%.

Mobile data usage in 2021 and 4G & 5G operator capacity potential
2022
5G
4G
mobile
data
usage
capacity
utilization
sites
spectrum
mmWave
operators
gigabytes
subscribers

March 2022
When will mobile network operators run out of 4G capacity and how many more gigabytes per subscriber per month can they carry with 5G? A study of 170 mobile network operators from 50 European, American, Asian Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Zain Kuwait had the highest mobile data usage per subscriber in 2021 – 86 gigabytes per subscriber per month. Elisa Finland has the highest 4G & 5G untapped capacity potential – as much as a terabyte per subscriber per month.

Mobile prices are 2x to 5x lower in markets with 4 or more MNOs
2022
prices
4G
5G
concentration
HHI
4
MNOs
population
density
mobile
performance
wireless

January 2022
What are the factors that significantly affect mobile prices? Market concentration has a statistically significant effect on mobile prices. The lower the market concertation (HHI) the lower price. The number of mobile network operators (MNOs) has an even stronger statistically significant effects on mobile prices. The higher the number of MNOs the lower the price. The presence of a maverick (disruptive firm) has as well a significant lowering effect on mobile prices.

The Greek mobile market is the most expensive market in EU
2021
5G
4G
mobile
prices
expensive
gigabytes
Greece
Portugal
Spain
France
Italy
ANACOM
EETT
Masmovil
NOWO
Cosmote
Vodafone
Wind

November 2021
The Greek mobile market where only 3 mobile network operators (3-MNOs) are present, was once again, ranked as the most expensive mobile market in EU and as one of the most expensive markets in the world. Even after excluding the mobile telephony tax Greek minimum monthly prices of smartphone plans with 1, 3 or 5 gigabytes were the highest in EU. And while telecom regulators in EU’s remaining 3-MNO tight oligopoly markets are taking steps to remedy effective competition – see recent 4th MNO entry in Portugal and ANACOM’s social tariff (30 gigabytes for 6 EUR) decision – the Greek telecom regulator EETT is in denial and has done little to remedy the apparent market failures in Greece.

The state of 4G and 5G pricing, 1H2021 – operator rankings
2021
5G
4G
prices
mobile
wireless
gigabytes
unlimited
operator
world
rankings

April 2021
4G and 5G prices from 179 operators in 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Who are the operators with the highest and lowest monthly prices in the world?

Is Greece the most expensive mobile market in EU?
2021
5G
4G
mobile
prices
expensive
gigabytes
Greece
Cosmote
Vodafone
Wind
EETT

April 2021
Even after excluding the mobile telephony tax Greek prices – of smartphone plans with 1, 2 or 3 gigabytes – were the highest in EU. For 4 gigabytes Greek prices were the most expensive among 51 European, American, Asia Pacific, Middle East and African countries. Greek consumers pay 5 to 6 times more per month than French consumers to buy smartphone plans with, 1, 2, 3 or 4 gigabytes!

4G&5G prices are 2x to 4x lower in markets with four MNOs
2020
dfmonitor
prices
4G
5G
concentration
4
MNOs
population
density
speed
mobile
wireless

December 2020
What are the factors that determine mobile prices? Market concentration (no. of MNOs) has a statistically significant effect on 4G&5G monthly and gigabyte prices. The higher the no. of MNOs the lower the price.

4G&5G connectivity competitiveness 2020
2020
dfmonitor
broadband
pricing
4G
5G
operator
competitiveness
Elisa
Finland
Canada
Greece
mobile
wireless

November 2020
Elisa Finland had overall the most competitive 4G&5G connectivity monthly prices in 2H2020 among 168 mobile network operators present in 48 European, American, Asia Pacific and African countries.

The state of 4G&5G broadband pricing – 2H2020
2020
dfmonitor
broadband
pricing
4G
5G
Brazil
China
Colombia
India
Russia
Taiwan
South Africa
mobile
wireless

October 2020
The share of smartphone, mobile and wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume continued to grow, gigabyte allowances of finite data volume plans continued to grow – but overall monthly and gigabyte prices continued to fall. Monthly prices of smartphone and wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume fell in EU in 2H2020!

The state of 4G&5G pricing in Latin America, August 2020
2020
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Peru
Argentina
Mexico
mobile
wireless

August 2020
Mobile data prices in Latin American 4-MNO markets are competitive and broadly on par with European and other OECD 4-MNO market prices. Mobile data prices in Latin American 3-MNO markets are sub- or non-competitive (i.e. significantly higher than 4-MNO market prices).

4G & 5G prices in Germany, Italy, France, Spain and UK – June 2020
2020
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
Germany
Italy
France
Spain
UnitedKingdom
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange
Altice
BouyguesTelecom
Iliad
Hutchison
Masmovil
mobile
wireless

July 2020
Monthly prices of plans with unlimited data volume and as well gigabyte prices of plans with data caps continue to be significantly higher in the 3-MNO German versus the 4-MNO Italian, French, Spanish and UK markets.

The state of 4G & 5G pricing, 1H2020
2020
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
Japan
Germany
Greece
Netherlands
UnitedStates
Australia
Canada
mobile
wireless

April 2020
The share of smartphone and mobile/wireless broadband plans with unlimited data volume continues to grow, gigabyte allowances of finite data volume plans continue to grow – but overall monthly prices continue to fall.


Unlimited mobile data – Why Finland is different
2020
Finland
Elisa
DNA
TeliaCompany
pricing
5G
mobile
wireless

February 2020
... and why operators in other markets can’t easily replicate the Finnish model.

Rolling out 5G fibre-through-the-air under the exceptionally strict Swiss EMF radiation limits
2019
Switzerland
Sunrise
spectrum
massiveMIMO
5G
mobile-first

December 2019
In December 2019 Sunrise invited Rewheel to try its 5G based home broadband solution in Switzerland. Rewheel had previously provided consulting support for Sunrise in preparation for the 5G spectrum auction that was held in early 2019. After the modelling work and conceptual sessions, we were eager to go back to Switzerland to see how Sunrise’s engineers managed to turn theory into practice.

The state of 4G & 5G pricing, 2H2019: more-for-less
2019
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
UnitedStates
Czechia
Canada
Vodafone

October 2019
The introduction of 5G has supercharged the transition to a basically unlimited everything model. But despite all the more-for-more buzz gigabyte allowances continue to grow while monthly prices continue to fall.

2018 capacity utilization and 5G capacity potential of mobile operator existing macro cell site grids
2018
spectrum
mobile-first
massiveMIMO
UK
Canada
Hutchison
Finland
Elisa
5G
networkeconomics
Verizon
Poland

October 2019
When will EU28 & OECD operators run out of 4G capacity and how many more gigabytes per subscriber per month can they carry with 5G? A Rewheel research PRO-study of 143 European, US, Canadian, Japanese, Korean and Australian operators

The state of 4G pricing – 1H2019 – Digital Fuel Monitor 11th release
2019
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
UnitedStates
Canada
Japan

April 2019
What is wrong with competition in the Canadian, Japanese and US markets? Gigabyte prices in 4-MNO markets continue to fall faster than in 3-MNO markets.
/div>

4G prices as a function market concentration, no. of MNOs, operator subscriber share, position, group affiliation, country general price level
2019
4G
prices
number
of
mobile
network
operators
concentration

January 2019
The less (3 versus 4) mobile network operators present in a market the higher (2x) the market price. The higher the mobile market concentration the higher the market price.

The state of 4G pricing – 2H2018 – Digital Fuel Monitor 10th release
2018
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
UnitedStates

October 2018
With special focus on US prices ahead of the planned 4 to 3 consolidation. How many 4G gigabytes €5, €10, €15, €20, €25, €30, €40, €50, €60, €70 and €80 could buy in EU and OECD markets on smartphone and data-only plans.

Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential with existing macro site grids – 2017
2018
spectrum
mobile-first
massiveMIMO
Finland
Elisa
5G
networkeconomics
Verizon
UnitedStates
Play
Poland

September 2018
A study of 80 European, US, Japanese, Korean, Australian and New Zealand mobile operators. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1400 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3800 MHz spectrum auctions.

The state of 4G pricing – 1H2018 – Digital Fuel Monitor 9th release
2018
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first

May 2018
How many 4G gigabytes €5, €10, €15, €20, €25, €30, €40, €50, €60, €70 and €80 could buy in EU and OECD markets on smartphone and data-only plans. What a difference a 4th mobile network operator makes!

The state of 4G pricing – 2H2017 – Digital Fuel Monitor 8th release
2017
dfmonitor
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first

November 2017
After a comeback in 2016 unlimited mobile data has spread further during 2017.

Unlimited mobile data and near zero marginal cost – a paradigm shift in telco business models
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Orange
Hutchison
TelecomItalia
Elisa
DNA
Sunrise
Salt
Play
Tele2
Telenor
Swisscom
TelekomAustria

September 2017
European winners and losers in 4.5G and 5G – study of 30 operators. Will mobile network CAPEX stay flat in the long run? Spectrum valuation implications.

Digital Fuel Monitor 7th release, 1H2017
2017
dfmonitor
spectrum
data-caps
pricing
mobile-first
zero-rating
roaming
networkeconomics

May 2017 (updated 22.05.2017)
The state of 4G pricing, mobile data usage, spectrum usage, network capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution. After its comeback in 2016, in 2017 unlimited mobile data goes viral and spreads to 22 countries. And while in competitive markets such as France and Denmark consumers can buy 100 or unlimited gigabytes for less than €30, in tight mobile oligopoly markets such as Portugal, Greece and Hungary €30 hardly buys any gigabytes.

O2 – Ready to disrupt the German tight oligopoly market
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
merger
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Germany
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone

April 2017
In March 2017 Telefonica O2 Germany announced 3.5 GHz (they have 83 MHz) Massive MIMO (= very high capacity LTE macro sectors) field trials with Huawei for wireless home broadband and 4K video. Our models predict that O2's macro site grid and spectrum resources (FDD+TDD) could allow it to drive fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution in Germany by connecting millions of households with HD TV service on its high capacity LTE network.

Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential – A study of 64 European operators
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Finland
United Kingdom
Poland
Austria
Germany
Hutchison
Telefonica
Play
Elisa

March 2017
When LTE base stations are upgraded to 'Gigabit' speed the gigabyte volume capacity of the networks also greatly expands. We modelled LTE network capacity based on existing FDD and TDD spectrum holdings (and potential acquisitions in 2.3 and 3.4-3.8 GHz bands) and sizes of the macro site grids. Without and with Massive MIMO in the TDD bands. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1500 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3600 MHz spectrum auctions.

Tight oligopoly mobile markets in EU28 in 2016
2016
spectrum
networkeconomics
pricing
merger
mobile-first
zero-rating
Germany
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange

December 2016
Fixed-line broadband interest, zero-rating video and big telco ownership impedes competition in mobile markets

Is spectrum usage harmonised across the EU28 national mobile markets?
2016
5G
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics
Vodafone
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Orange
KPN
DNA
Elisa
Tele2
Finland
Greece

November 2016
Spectrum harmonisation: the key to 5G? Rewheel's material presented on the ECTA Regulatory Conference 2016


EU’s 5G competition challenge
2016
5G
mobile-first
networkeconomics

July 2016
A handful of big telco groups – with vested interests in fixed-line broadband – impose very restrictive mobile internet usage caps. This raises serious concerns that these telco groups – that tightly control most EU national markets – will not be incentivised to sell competitively priced 5G internet access.

Mobile data usage (gigabyte volume) in Finland is set to overtake fixed-line broadband usage in Germany in 2016
2016
Finland
Germany
mobile-first
Elisa
Dna
TeliaCompany
networkeconomics

May 2016
In 2016 mobile data volume consumption per person in Finland is set to exceed fixed-line broadband volume consumption per person in Germany. Anecdotal evidence reported by WDR (German public media) indicated that younger users are frustrated by very restrictive smartphone plan volume caps.


Telenor Denmark – Turnaround strategy
2016
Telenor
Denmark
mobile-first
networkeconomics

April 2016
Telenor’s Danish strategy is in tatters. Telenor’s 4 to 3 consolidation attempt was blocked by the European Commission while its ‘me too’ strategy has been a failure dragging down its profitability. Can Telenor turn the business around and return to profitability?

Tight oligopoly mobile markets in EU28 in 2015
2016
spectrum
pricing
merger
mobile-first
zero-rating
Germany
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange

January 2016
Comprehensive analysis of factors that give rise to unilateral anti-competitive effects leading to non-competitive outcomes and consumer harm in tight mobile oligopolies.

Tight oligopolies and the need for ex ante regulation – Why BEREC is right and ETNO is wrong
2015
tight-oligopoly
mobile-first
zero-rating
pricing

August 2015
There are substantial empirical market evidences supporting the notion that close to half of EU’s mobile markets exhibit tight oligopoly non- or sub-competitive market outcomes.

E-Plus Germany mobile data impact analysis — showing way forward for challenger operators?
2010
Germany
KPN
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics

November 2010
Up until late 2009 E-Plus had been following a low cost challenger strategy primarily targeting customers with no or very light mobile data needs. But late 2009, when it became apparent that fast mobile data is not a niche offering any longer but is becoming an essential need of the mass consumer base in Germany and in other developed telecoms markets, they swiftly declared a new, “voice+data” strategy.

2010
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics

September 2010
Market saturation, eroding voice ARPU and climbing data capacity upgrade costs are threatening the sustainability of mobile operators’ historically high profitability. We show that by taking timely actions on both the retail and network cost fronts smart operators can sustain their profitability while redefining their business to serve the increasingly data centric life style of their customers.

Rewheel in the international media
Why are Canadians' cellphone bills higher than other countries?
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Reducing Wireless Competition in Europe
The New York Times (editorial)


Contact us:

Tel: +358442032339
E-mail: research@rewheel.fi
Twitter: @RewheelResearch

Copyright © 2009-2024 Rewheel Oy. All rights reserved.